Publication ethics and malpractice statement

Publication Ethics of the „Elektronika – konstrukcje, technologie, zastosowania” (Electronics - structures, technologies, applications) Monthly Magazine.

ISSN 0033-2089, e-ISSN 2449-9528



In the „Elektronika – konstrukcje, technologie, zastosowania” (Electronics - structures, technologies, applications) monthly magazine, it was assumed that the reliability as well as quality of the presented publications constitute the most important factor for the reputation of the magazine. Thus, the best publishing practices applied to our monthly magazine are presented below. These practices are not only a manifesto used in the editorial practice of the magazine but a useful compendium of knowledge in the field of rules applied by the Editorial Office for authors and readers as well. In our publishing activities, we adhere to the highest standards possible set by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) We sincerely hope that our magazine, through continuous and diligent application of the principles described below, will soon join the COPE International Body. Moreover, we also apply the highest standards and guidelines adopted by industry technical associations, including the Association of Polish Electrical Engineers, the oldest technical association in Poland, existing since 1918, as well as recognized Sigma-NOT Publishing House and many others. When composing these regulations, the Editorial Office followed recommendations contained in the document: “Publishing Ethics: Academic Research” Cambridge University Press.

Research Honesty

The magazine crew wish to declare that requires the authors of publications, as well as themselves, to adhere to the following principles in the field of publishing research works: honesty in all aspects of research, scrupulous diligence, accuracy and excellence in research practice, transparency and openness communication, care and eventually respect for all participants and research subjects.

Should you have any objections regarding research not carried out in accordance with the above-mentioned principles regarding the ethics of magazine research publishing, please report any concerns to the appropriate Editor or send an e-mail to

Concerns will be then resolved by following the COPE guidelines where possible or, if necessary, through the Publishing Ethics Committee of the magazine.

Publishing Process

At every stage of the publishing process, an editorial independence is ensured. The editorial crew of the magazine avoids conflicts of interest and ensures resistance to intimidation or any other corporate or political influence. Our publishing program is supervised by the Magazine Program Committee, which includes scientists from many Polish universities and independent research institutions. We approve all articles accepted in the review process for publication independently.

Publication proposals submitted to the editors of our magazine are initially assessed by the editors who, when in doubt, are required to consult the appropriate external magazine publishers or specialists for a given subject area of the article. If the proposal is suitable for consideration by the magazine, the offer with sample content will be sent to at least two external and independent reviewers. Ratings of the reviewers are for information purposes only; the final decision whether to publish a given article is dependable on the opinion of the Editor-in-Chief. Our editors may request additional reviews, propose additional provisions to the publication agreement, as well as report on the progress of the publication process. The Scientific Committee of the magazine may provide advice on changes in policy, ethics or other matters affecting the operation of the Magazine. Should you have any concerns and would like to appeal or make a complaint, please contact us via


Reviewer’s rating is critical to maintain the standard of our publications. We declare that we provide appropriate training and mentoring support in order to achieve fair, reliable and effective evaluation of articles submitted to the Editorial Office. In addition, we encourage our editors and reviewers to evaluate the content of submitted articles as well as to act in accordance with the relevant peer review best practice guidelines. We ensure that magazine editors and reviewers are familiarized with COPE ethical guidelines for reviewers. The practices adopted by the editors of the magazine include the expectation that the persons supervising the evaluation process of a given article will be able to recognize signs of a fraudulent or manipulated review, and sent any doubts via e-mail Persons supervising the evaluation process of submitted articles may be members of the Scientific Committee of the magazine or contracted specialists. In the event of suspected manipulated or fraudulent evaluation of the article, the Editorial Office supports its editors and reviewers in conducting research and actions. The Editorial Office protects the confidentiality of participants in the article evaluation process and guarantees them anonymity in the process of reviewing the publication.


If no other criteria are specified, the author of the article should be given on the basis of the following principles: significant contribution to the concept/project/research described in the article, preparation of the work or critical review of its substantive content, approval of the final version of the article for publication, consent to be held accountable for all aspects of the work - including ensuring its integrity and that all parts of the article have been properly researched.

We acknowledge that given author is authorized to act on behalf of all co-authors of a given publication and expect the corresponding author to acknowledge this fact at the start of the publication process. We support our editors in resolving all authorship disputes, including the application of COPE-regulated recommendations. We use recognized industry standards, such as ORCID, for authorship verification.


Plagiarism is the use of work, article, or part of it of someone else and attributing its authorship to the person using it. Examples of plagiarism include copying (using another person’s language and/or ideas as if they were one’s own), literally quoting another person’s work without properly citing the source, paraphrasing another person’s work by changing some words or word order without properly citing the source, using ideas taken from someone else without reference to the originator, cutting out information from the Internet and pasting it inside the text in order to pastiche Internet sources, submitting someone else’s work as original without clearly identifying who is the author.

Plagiarism can occur in relation to all types of sources and media, including text, illustrations, music quotes, mathematical derivation, computer code, materials downloaded from websites or taken from manuscripts or other media, published and unpublished materials, including lectures, presentations, and grey literature. Our crew do not tolerate plagiarism in any of our publications and reserve the right to check all submissions through the appropriate plagiarism checker. Reports containing suspected plagiarism, in whole or in part, shall be rejected. If plagiarism is discovered after publication, we shall follow the guidance in COPE with claims and corrections. We expect our readers, reviewers, and editors to report any suspected plagiarism by contacting the appropriate editor or by sending an email to:


Duplicate publication, or “self-plagiarism”, occurs when a work - or its part - is published more than once by the author(s) of the work. We do not support duplicate articles unless the following: deemed editorial for strengthening the academic discourse, the editors have the express consent of the original publication and the quote is given from the original source. We expect our readers, reviewers, and editors to have any suspicions about a duplicate to contact the appropriate editor or send an email to:

Researches Conducted on Humans or Animals

Researches conducted on humans or animals should be approved by the relevant ethics committees and should comply with international research ethical and legal standards. The editors of the magazine expect the authors to respect the participants’ right to privacy and obtain all necessary permits for publication before submitting the article to the editor.

Conflicts of Interest and Financing

We require authors submitting articles to the Editorial Office, employees, editors, and reviewers of publications to report any potential conflicts of interest that could interfere with the objectivity or integrity of the publication. Conflicts of interest are situations defined in COPE, available at: These conflicts may be of financial, non-financial, professional, contractual, or personal nature. Editors of the „Elektronika - konstrukcje, technologie, zastosowania” magazine expect that anyone who suspects an undisclosed conflict of interest regarding a work published or processed by the Editorial Office should inform the appropriate editor or send an e-mail to the following address:

Accusation, Defamation, Freedom of Speech

Editors do not endorse the publication of false statements that damage the reputation of individuals, groups, or organizations. Our editorial crew can provide advise on a defamation attempt prior to publishing and also address the defamation allegations in all our publications.


The editorial crew of our magazine considers withdrawals, corrections, or expressions of concern in accordance with the COPE guidelines for withdrawing claims. In case of a mistake made by the author, the magazine will issue a correction. In case of a mistake made by the magazine crew, we will issue an errata. Withdrawal is usually reserved for articles that contain very serious errors. If a legal, ethical, or other concern is raised, we will inform the author and the editors involved in the publishing process. If such actions will be necessary, we will propose a solution to the problem through dialogue or negotiation with the third parties involved, or by referring it to the appropriate institution for investigation. If the concern is about the integrity or accuracy of the content itself, we will consider issuing a correction.

Image Falsification, Fabrication and Manipulation

Where research data is collected or presented as graphics, it may be modified, which sometimes leads to misrepresentation of the results or their meaning. We expect Authors to avoid modifying graphics in the case of which it leads to falsification, fabrication, or distortion of their results.

Unfair Research

Any publication containing false results will be withdrawn and an appropriate amendment or objection will be issued in accordance with COPE guidelines in this regard.

Data and Supporting Evidence

We support transparency and openness in terms of data, code, and other related research material. We expect that authors of articles published in the magazine will be able to keep accurate records of the evidence supporting the research results described in the articles, so that the content can be understood, verifiable, accessible for further works on new results, as well as easy to deliver or available upon reasoned request.

Document Integrity

We keep a record of all published material along with the information and metadata describing each publication. Where we are required to amend a record of a given publication in any way - such as in the event of a scientific misconduct leading to a publication being withdrawn - we shall retain this information, whenever possible. We apply the same principles to our marketing, and we do not modify or manipulate the represented scientific achievements in our marketing activities. When an article or monthly magazine is purchased or subscribed, we deliver it to the client entirety, as a fully integrated resource with no further right to edit or change the content presented.

Ethical Business Practices

Fair Access

In justified cases, we provide articles for free to students and scientists who do not have sufficient funds to pay for the publication of the article.


We never censor published articles. Our goal, as a publisher, is to disseminate knowledge to the widest possible audience. Thus, we support the COPE statement and principles on censorship.


We allow limited, appropriate, and sometimes targeted advertising in our magazine. Where it occurs, the advertisement must be clearly separate from the content as well as be independent of editorial decisions about our publication. We reserve the right to refuse or remove any advertisements if any doubts occur about the conflict nature of such advertisement with our Code of Ethics. We also advertise our products and services to customers. The above is executed in accordance with our data protection laws and general advertising standards.


License Agreement

If an article is accepted for publication after the review process, the fee paid by the author for each published page is PLN 250. Upon acceptance of the work for publication, the author, under the license agreement signed and sent to the Editorial Office, grants the publisher a non-exclusive license to: reproduce the work by printing and disseminate it, including marketing and sale without restrictions in time and territory, use of the work in the scope of dissemination, including marketing and sale without restrictions in time and territory, in the following forms:

a)      transferring to electronic media (regardless of the recording and playback method) and reproducing the recordings made and making them available, including on the Internet,

b)      translations into other languages and the dissemination of these translations,

c)      disseminating in whole or in part for advertising or promotional purposes.

The content of the license agreement is available on the website of our magazine:

Useful Contact Info

The „Elektronika - konstrukcje, technologie, zastosowania” is a monthly magazine. Magazine website address: https://elektronika.orf.plFor all inquiries regarding content integrity in the magazine or COPE principles and guidelines compatibility, please contact the Editorial Office via All inquiries will be treated with the utmost confidentiality to the extent necessary taking into account further processing.

The monthly issues are archived in electronic form as well as in printed form by the Editorial Office. The monthly archive is kept at the Editorial Office: Czackiego 3/5 Street, office 108, 00-043 Warsaw, Poland; tel.: (+48 22) 827 38 79, tel. (+48 22) 826 65 64


Publisher: SIGMA-NOT Publishing House, Sp. z o.o., Ratuszowa 11 Street,

03-450 Warsaw, Poland